Showing posts with label Outdoors. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Outdoors. Show all posts

Nov 11, 2013

HOW TO: Waterproof, strike-anywhere! matches

HOW TO: Waterproof, strike-anywhere matches


Build a FireBuilding a fire is the most important task when dealing with survival in the wilderness. Be sure to build yours in a sandy or rocky area or near a supply of sand and water as to avoid forest fires. The most common mistakes made by those attempting to build a fire are: choosing poor tinder, failing to shield precious matches from the wind and smothering the flames with too large pieces of fuel. The four most important factors when starting a fire are spark - tinder - fuel - oxygen.

The most common ways to create spark are:

1. Waterproof, strike-anywhere matches are your best bet. Matches may be water-proofed by dipping them in nail polish. Store your matches in a waterproof container.

2. A cigarette lighter is also a good way to produce a spark, with or without fuel.

3. The flint and steel method is one of the oldest and most reliable methods in fire starting. Aim the sparks at a pile of dry tinder to produce a fire.

4. The electric spark produced from a battery will ignite a gasoline dampened rag.

5. Remove half of the powder from a bullet and pour it into the tinder. Next place a rag in the cartridge case of the gun and fire. The rag should ignite and then may be placed into the tinder.

6. Allow the suns rays to pass through a magnifying glass onto the tinder.

Dry grass, paper or cloth lint, gasoline-soaked rags and dry bark are all forms of tinder. Place your tinder in a small pile resembling a tepee with the driest pieces at the bottom. Use a fire starter or strip of pitch if it is available.

It is important to keep in mind that smaller pieces of kindling such as, twigs, bark, shavings and gasoline, are necessary when trying to ignite larger pieces of fuel. Gather fuel before attempting to start your fire. Obviously dry wood burns better and wet or pitchy wood will create more smoke. Dense, dry wood will burn slow and hot. A well ventilated fire will burn best.

Build a ShelterA small shelter which is insulated from the bottom, protected from wind and snow and contains a fire is extremely important in wilderness survival. Before building your shelter be sure that the surrounding area provides the materials needed to build a good fire, a good water source and shelter from the wind.

Wilderness shelters may include:

1. Natural shelters such as caves and overhanging cliffs. When exploring a possible shelter tie a piece of string to the outer mouth of the cave to ensure you will be able to find your way out. Keep in mind that these caves may already be occupied. If you do use a cave for shelter, build your fire near its mouth to prevent animals from entering.

2. Enlarge the natural pit under a fallen tree and line it with bark or tree boughs.

3. Near a rocky coastal area, build a rock shelter in the shape of a U, covering the roof with driftwood and a tarp or even seaweed for protection.

4. A lean-to made with poles or fallen trees and a covering of plastic, boughs, thick grasses or bark is effective to shelter you from wind, rain and snow.

5. A wigwam may be constructed using three long poles. Tie the tops of the poles together and upright them in an appropriate spot. Cover the sides with a tarp, boughs, raingear or other suitable materials. Build a fire in the center of the wigwam, making a draft channel in the wall and a small hole in the top to allow smoke to escape.

6. If you find yourself in open terrain, a snow cave will provide good shelter. Find a drift and burrow a tunnel into the side for about 60 cm (24 in) then build your chamber. The entrance of the tunnel should lead to the lowest level of you chamber where the cooking and storage of equipment will be. A minimum of two ventilating holes are necessary, preferably one in the roof and one in the door.


Oct 27, 2013

Tips For Teaching Kids Survival Skills


Written by: Pat B Extreme Survival 

As I write this here in Missouri, rabbit season opens in just four short days. Time to break out the shotguns and give them a good preseason cleaning and checkup. The kids and I will be attending to this business over the next couple of days, and soon rabbit will be back on the menu. We have spent the summer months watching the rabbit population grow, and the girls in particular have been charting out the best locations to find their quarry when opening day comes.
I am proud of my kids for this. They are showing that they have grasped and grabbed hold of at least some of the survival skills that my wife and I have tried to impart upon them. First, they have recognized where food comes from — that cute and fuzzy can also be nourishing and tasty. They have taken time to watch their surroundings, to use tracking and observation to increase their odds of success in the pursuit of wild game. They are bold and unhesitant in their desire to put wild food on the table. In short, they are learning to live with and not just in their surroundings.
Hunting is a valuable survival skill, but it really isn’t the key to a long-term survival situation. When the chips are down, everybody and his brother will turn to the woods and game will be depleted rapidly. The skills, however, that will be honed in my children by hunting will last long after the game is gone.
By hunting, kids develop proficiency with weapons and familiarity with the damage that they can do, and through this they develop respect for their weapons. They learn to be tuned into their surroundings, to let nature tell them when subtle things have changed. They learn to track, to stalk, and to ambush, and to not be seen by the objects of their pursuit. They learn to see the world around them with clarity and precision, to grasp the little details. Basically, they are developing situational awareness while bearing arms, and developing skills that would serve well in escape and evasion; they are learning to be survivors.
Through the sport of hunting, a large number of skills applicable to survival situations are developed. This is the best tactic to take when teaching survival
skills to kids. Find activities that are fun and engaging while at the same time growing a skill set. Don’t focus on drilling in survival skills but let them grow naturally from genuine interests.
Learn the secrets of a veteran hunter as he shows you how to quickly and efficiently field-dress your game
Camping is another great activity to develop survival skills. Not the modern motor home full of electronics variety of camping, but the “Hey, grab your gear, we’re sleeping out at the pond tonight!” kind of camping. On small adventures like these your kids can learn skills like shelter-building. Don’t bring a tent; press their creativity by challenging them to create shelter with the tools in their kit and the materials in their environment. Guide them in the process of creating a shelter from a poncho and paracord, in how to build a debris shelter, and in properly backing a fire to reflect heat into the shelter. Guide them through fire-building using a fire steel and tinder, and let them learn campfire cooking with hotdogs and marshmallows. At late-night camp fires they can begin to get an appreciation of watch standing, listening to the night sounds around them. Your kids can also relearn the ancient art of enjoying the company of their family and not relying on a computerized box to tell them when they are having fun. Notice I said “guide,” not “instruct”? Above all these should be fun times, not boot camp. Lessons learned with a happy heart become fond memories, and fond memories last a lifetime.
Through activities like hunting and impromptu camping, your kids will develop the skills that will give them the confidence to face the initial stages of a crisis on their own, should the need arise. Make sure that they become familiar with every piece of gear you give them, and that they are able to recognize and meet their needs of shelter, food and water.
There is a common misconception in the world at large that preppers are afraid of something. If you’re a prepper, it is imperative that you not foster fear in your kids. The reality is that prepping is one of the bravest things a person can do. Preppers make the bold statement that “I will be OK no matter what!” If you think about it at all, you will realize that it takes a lot more courage to face the challenges that may lie ahead honestly rather than saying “Nothing can happen here, and even if it does someone will help me.” If you’re a prepper, make sure your kids know that you don’t prep because of fear, but because you are not afraid to face any challenge and you are confident in the family’s ability to get through anything. Your kids won’t have to fear anything if they are ready for anything.
With this in mind, involve your kids in all your preps. Make sure that they are aware of the food supplies you have laid in, and how to use them. Cooking with storage foods is an essential survival skill, so let them make a meal from time to time. Better still, let them develop cooking skills on deserts! Anyone who can make a Dutch oven cobbler with home canned apples and freshly ground wheat flour isn’t going to survive, they are going to thrive. Cobbler is a great side effect of effective survival training, and it falls neatly into the fond memories category. Involve them in all aspects of your gardening and animal husbandry, here again they will learn through experience, and should these skills become a matter of life and death they will already be familiar.
Teaching survival skills and involving the whole family offers many great bonding opportunities. These shared experiences and pursuit of common goals strengthen the foundations and decorate the rooms of family unity. It can also be a lot of fun. Remember that kids deserve to be kids. Fear should never be a part of their training, and even serious business can be undertaken with a light-hearted spirit. Knowledge and skills gained in love will last your kids a lifetime and give them strength and peace in troubled times.
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