Showing posts with label saving water. Show all posts
Showing posts with label saving water. Show all posts

Jan 21, 2014

Easy to build, Conserve rainwater


Easy to build, 
Conserve rainwater from plastic drums, barrels or trash cans.

Search online for “bottles” or “containers” to find an “open head” plastic 55-gallon drum with a cover (about $60). Or find a used barrel by talking to car wash managers (they buy soap and wax by the barrel). If you can't find a container you like, buy a large, heavy-duty garbage can (about $35) at a home center. All the other plumbing parts will add up to about $40.
Place the drum near a downspout, drill a hole in the side near the bottom and screw in a drain valve. That's an OK installation if you plan to run a soaker hose to your garden. But if you want to use a wand or a spray nozzle, you'll need to elevate the barrel on a stand for more water pressure.  
CAUTION! Water is heavy (1 Barrel-55 gallons weighs 440 lbs.), 
so use 4x4 treated lumber for the legs and secure everything with construction screws or stainless steel lags. But don't place the stand on soft ground. You could kill somebody if the rig toppled over.
Close-up of conduit adapters


If you have large gardens and want to store more water, double-size the stand and add a second barrel.
Cut holes in the bottoms of the barrels with a 2-1/4-in. hole saw. Then screw in a 2-in. male threaded electrical (gray PVC) conduit adapter (electrical adapters aren't tapered like plumbing adapters, so you can tighten them down all the way). Squirt a thin bead of silicone caulk around the opening and screw on a threaded electrical PVC coupler to cinch the barrel between the two fittings (see Figure A). Next, glue together sections of 2-in. PVC pipe, unions (to make winter disassembly easier), reducers and valves. As long as you're at it, install an overflow pipe so you can direct the excess where you want it.
Finally, cut a hole in one of the covers and mount a screen to filter out leaves and debris. Then just wait for the next big rain.

 http://www.familyhandyman.com/smart-homeowner/how-to-build-a-rain-barrel/

Conserve rainwater

   
Conserve water by collecting rainwater and using it for your garden or lawn.
WHAT YOU’LL NEED
  • Recycled food barrel (try checking with large restaurants or food distributors)
  • 2 to 4 concrete blocks (to allow room for a bucket to fit under the spigot)
  • 3/4-inch hose spigot
  • Drill
  • Saber saw
  • 3/4 x 1-1/4-inch threaded pipe nipple (used as overflow connector)
  • Window screen
  • PVC cement                                               
  •                                                                 WHAT YOU’LL DO
rainbarrel-200x200  
1. Wash out the barrel with a solution of 1/8-cup bleach and 5 gallons of water.
2. Drill a 15/16-inch hole a few inches from the bottom of the barrel.
Thread the spigot halfway into the barrel, apply PVC cement onto the
threads and continue screwing it in until snug.
3. Using the same procedure as the spigot, install the 3/4-inch overflow
connector a few inches from the top of the barrel.
4. Choose a good spot for the rain barrel. It needs to be close to a rain
downspout and a short distance from your plants and gardens.
5. Raise the barrel off the ground by placing it on concrete blocks.
Reconfigure the downspout so it empties directly into the barrel.
Use the screen to cover the open hole in the barrel to prevent insects
or debris from getting in.
6. If you’ve installed an overflow, you can attach a hose and direct
the water to another part of your yard.
                                                                             


http://boyslife.org/hobbies-projects/projects/7544/build-a-rain-barrel/

Aug 28, 2013

How to Make a Water Filter




Although there are many ways to make your own water filter, 

I liked the simplicity and accessibility of this one.